Sociology is divided into two primary categories by Auguste Comte.
1. Social statics/Static Sociology
2. Social Dynamics/Dynamic Sociology
This division’s idea came from biology, which is consistent with his views on the hierarchy of the sciences. Although Biology was developed before sociology, the two sciences have many things in common. The contrast between statics and dynamics in sociology is desirable, much as it is in biology to distinguish between anatomy and physiology.
Comte wanted to construct a naturalistic social science that could forecast human evolution and explain how it had progressed in the past. Comte tried to define the circumstances that contribute to social stability at each given historical period and develop a science that can explain the laws of motion that influence humans across time. The two cornerstones of his theories are the study of social dynamics and social statics, which define progression and order, change and stability.
The two pillars of Comte’s analysis of the organic phase or social stability are the study of social statics and dynamics. Social statics and dynamics are two parts of a theory rather than two distinct types of facts. As social static is the study of a society in equilibrium and social dynamics is the study of evolution, which is a gradual process, both disciplines are not distinct from one another but complementary. This gradual process can occur only when the society is in an equilibrium state, not in a disequilibrium or critical phase.
Although it first appeared preferable to separate the study of statics and dynamics for methodological and heuristic reasons, in practical reality, they were correlated. Comte thought that social institutions could not be boiled down to the attributes of individuals. On the other hand, social structures are made up of different structures and can only be understood in terms of the characteristics and interactions of these other structures.
Sociology can be either static or dynamic. Static sociology looks at the things that make a society exist, while dynamic sociology looks at how communities change over time and the laws that govern how they change. In other words, the first part looks at how societies work, and the second looks at how societies change or progress.