Comte took inspiration from Saint Simon.
Comte adopted three aspects from Saint Simon’s thinking:
The difference between history’s organic and crucial phases, of which the “revolution” had recently been a prime example.
An industrial society concept. Saint-Simon had transformed himself into an industrial evangelist in 1817, particularly under the influence of B. Constant and Jean-Baptiste Say. He knew that the industrial revolution that was taking on right in front of him would fundamentally alter all current social relationships. Previously, humans had lived in a militarized society where men interacted with one another and the warrior class held authority. War would no longer be waged, and man would instead focus on influencing nature. Comte incorrectly believed that the period of warfare was ended.
The clearest indebtedness to Saint-Simon by Comte is the notion of spiritual power. The subject remained prevalent from Saint Simon’s initial work to his last. It came about as a consequence of a conviction and an observation. Saint-Simon recognized the value of science in contemporary life and advocated for funding scientific research, for instance. Additionally, he was persuaded that social cohesiveness had a religious component and that a priestly elite should uphold it. His conviction inspired him to develop the concept of a science of social organization that connected these two elements. Therefore, religion would function as a scientific application, allowing enlightened people to rule the ignorant. Consequently, one should trust the educated with the spiritual strength that the demise of traditional faiths has diminished rather than striving to eradicate all forms of religious activity. The article he produced in 1814 on the restructuring of European society must also be read in this context since, as the medieval papacy demonstrates, managing foreign relations is one of the critical characteristics of spiritual authority.