Definition of Humanism
Humanism is a commitment to the well-being of individuals and the humanities, where human values and concerns take center stage in thought and deed. It is the human duty and right to develop an ethical society via principles that place a strong focus on the capacity for human reason and inquiry.
Humanism’s origins are found in classical Greece. In Italy’s latter part of the fourteenth century, a philosophical movement that upholds humane values began. The issue is about devoting more time to studying “man” and their contributions to literature, art, and history than to God and spirituality, as seen in the Renaissance period in the past millennium. Worries about nationality are linked to the continued Enlightenment era. The modernist movement focused on the belief in God’s death.
Human beings, according to Humanists, have free will and the potential to apply their reasoning abilities to create a more compassionate world.
Humanism refers to an intellectual substitute to theology, in which consideration is given to human social needs and the satisfaction of those requirements without referring to gods or other divine entities. It is a widely diverse group of philosophical perspectives that, at their heart, hold that people’s interests and integrity should come first. Humanist organizations have tried to fill the ceremonial void left by the demise of Christian churches in the West by developing nonreligious equivalents to church baptisms, matrimony, and funerals. It widely refers to a focus on human creativity and the inherent value of people.
In today’s social science, it manifests itself in various guises. For instance, the early works of Karl Marx, notably his preoccupation with alienation, are often connected with Marxist humanism. In contrast to behaviorism and psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, the Third Force, emphasizes the individual and its potential.