Definition of Empirical
Empirical knowledge is acquired from methodical observation or experimentation instead of speculative statements or theoretical knowledge. Such studies are based on research that produces actual facts, such as statistics or interview transcripts, as opposed to works of theory.
Any branch of sociology that emphasizes data gathering is called empirical sociology. The phrase mainly refers to sociological methods that use social surveys or meticulously recorded participant observation. To better comprehend civilizations and social interactions, sociologists may employ such a research framework.
The term connotes a direct connection to sensory input, observation, or experimentation, whether used to describe claims, specific research initiatives, or even general approaches to studying. The phrase is sometimes used in opposition to abstract or theoretical, dogmatic, or intellectual concepts. The lack of consideration for topics of theory or philosophy is conveyed in its detrimental applications. The phrase suggests practical applicability or testability as a terminology of endorsement, for instance, from the perspective of empiricism, as opposed to academic scholasticism or unsubstantiated theorizing.
A field study using the interview method about the plight of farmers is an example of empirical research.