Renaissance is the period of rebirth of Greco-Roman civilization in Europe, which was disregarded during the Middle Ages.
Renaissance started in Italy in the 14th century and spread to other parts of Western Europe since the 15th century. It can be considered an intellectual, cultural, philosophical, ideological, musical, artistic, materialistic, and scientific movement. It gave rise to curiosity and the spirit of inquiry.
Humanism, one of the distinctive features of the Renaissance, holds man as the center of his universe. It did not reject earthly happiness and defended the human right to the pleasure of worldly desires.
The Renaissance witnessed the decline of feudalism, the discovery of the Copernican system of astronomy, the growth of trade and commerce, and the invention of paper, printing, gunpowder, and the mariner’s compass.