According to Robert G. Crowder, "Human Behavior is any activity which can be observed, recorded and measured, this includes first what living beings or organisms do- that is their movement in space."
Human Behavior Sociology Definition


According to Robert G. Crowder, “Human Behavior is any activity which can be observed, recorded and measured, this includes first what living beings or organisms do- that is their movement in space.”

The act by which a person qualifies, modifies, or otherwise changes the conduct of another person is referred to as human social behavior. Society inspires social behavior, which motivates other people in the group or society.


Both a person’s unique traits and the environment they are in may influence their social behavior.

Human behavior classification

1. Molecular & Moral Behavior

2. Overt & Covert Behavior

3. Voluntary & Involuntary Behavior

Molecular Behavior 

Molecular behavior is the quick, thoughtless conduct that takes place.

Example: George immediately shuts his eyes when Joseph strikes them with a rod. The behavior here is molecular. This unpredictable circumstance in which George is unprepared for his eyes or face.

Molar behavior 

The opposite of molecular behavior is molar behavior. Human activity is referred to be molar behavior when it involves thought.

Overt Behavior

Overt conduct is defined as actions that are obvious and take place without the presence of a person. Example: Playing football, eating something 

Covert Behavior

“covert behavior” refers to internal human conduct that is not apparent to others. Example: thinking

Voluntary Behavior

Voluntary behavior is defined as an activity that is motivated by human desires. Voluntary behaviour is always under the direction of humans. For instance, talking, moving, and writing.

Involuntary Behavior 

Natural behaviour is referred to as involuntary behaviour.

Example: The beating of the heart and lungs draws in oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. Completing one little activity might catalyze more conduct.

Characteristics of  Behavior

Any action that can be seen, heard, or quantified is considered behavior. Human nature drives us to react to situations that are stimulated by our surroundings, both internal and external.

A. Social Contracts And Norms

Humans are social creatures that follow social norms and laws. A person is driven in a specific direction by social laws and regulations.

B. Education and Information

Education gives one the ability to see the difference between good and wrong. The need for practice while learning a skill or information is a specific aspect of human behavior. Knowledge and education have a significant role in changing human behavior.

C. Adaptability

Human nature dictates that we must adapt to new circumstances to thrive. People must constantly adapt to changing environments. Human behavior often demonstrates adaptability to shifting environmental conditions.

D. Ability To Acquire Knowledge

Only humans can learn new things. Humans may become more capable through learning new things and gaining experience. This distinguishes people from other animals.

E. Aim oriented

Humans act in a way intended to achieve their shared goal, pushing them in a certain direction. Drive or intent pursues conduct that is goal-directed.

F. Human beings condition Behavior

Humans alter and adjust their conduct to conform to society’s standards and laws.

G. Language and communication in human social behavior

Language is the primary means through which humans communicate and convey their thoughts and emotions. Individual and group interaction enables people to share their news and opinions. Communication is a key component of social behavior since it is essential for survival and reproduction.

H. Cooperation and Mutual support

Human behavior works in cooperation with other individuals in society.

I. Association and group membership

An individual cannot live alone in a society and must live in a group. Group membership provides security and assists its members in fulfilling their needs. Human behavior is influenced and shaped according to which group they claim membership.


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