New India Manifesto – Chapter 12: Intel Limiting
Intel Limiting is a national-level method developed countries use to make knowledge costly to have the upper hand in technological innovations worldwide. It is not designed or regulated by one person or one company. The system, including politicians, bureaucrats, and business people in developed countries, creates a structure that attempts to distribute research content via paid platforms. Research technology is also made costly to exploit developing countries.
Developed countries have an educational curriculum and framework that help students find this costly content via their faculties, research institutions and scholarship programmes. However, the developing and poor nations do not have this educational framework and large-scale funding programmes at a massive level, making them accessible only to limited academic books. As a result, people engaged in research are underpaid, and only a minuscule fraction of researchers are funded with significant scholarships and grants in countries like India.
Poor and developing countries do not have information spread out to the general populace. Instead, the highest level of information is confined to a few pockets, such as top research centres, due to limited accessibility of people with detailed knowledge and limited accessibility of how to get information.
Educational content piracy websites are attempting to provide free content to seekers in the research field. However, countries like India have a large populace above 99 per cent of students who are not even seekers, and they have no purpose outside of academic textbooks. Their mindset is limited within these textbooks due to the educational framework set by the nation.
Indian websites are considerate of people with low incomes, and the subscription prices of information are not too high. However, most research information from Indian websites is academically oriented to the current educational system and is of little value. European and American websites have very pricey subscription packages which are not affordable to Indians. On the other hand, valuable lessons, seminars and live sessions with international-level reputed faculties are accessible to customers who pay high subscription prices.
Copyright laws created and regulated by DMCA are an example of intel limiting. Third-world countries cannot secure documents at affordable rates as the subscription rates of Western websites are too high for research students. Due to DMCA, pirated content is removed from search engines and third-world countries are forced to purchase expensive copies.
Changes Required to Reduce intel limiting
A. International Level Treaty
The poor and developing countries require an international treaty that provides tier-based subscription packages, placing rich countries in higher-tier packages and poor countries and developing countries in lower-priced packages. However, there should be no restriction on the amount of information flow in all these tiers.
B. Change in Indian Educational System
Instead of academic book-based education, the government should encourage students and teaching faculty to start a practical and current affairs-based educational framework. An analysis of PIB, ISRO, NASA, and DRDO publications and scientific journals should be promoted among students and teachers instead of fixed textbook content. This will change the perspectives of students and faculty alike. Students and teachers will become seekers and start looking beyond conventional books. If there are many seekers, India can generate many researchers within India, and knowledge can be easily transferred among Indians at lower costs.
C. Reverse Engineering Programs
To catch up with developed nations, the government should promote large-scale reverse engineering of foreign components to study every technology, discovery and innovation machine by machine, atom by atom, molecule by molecule, and cell by cell. Making replicas of all-powerful tech tools and IT software should also be promoted. It should be state-sponsored only in areas technology transfer is not available. IPR laws must be fair to all nations and not advantageous to a few.
Developed nations will ease information flow if we have our own reverse-engineered tech, and India will be treated equally in technology transfers. It is because once the tech is reverse-engineered, it can be upgraded, and we may have a better one than the original tech.
Create a national-level free database of studies of researchers in India. It can also include collecting research journals internationally. A national body should summarize all published journals in an easily understandable format. All original content without plagiarism must be rewarded financially.
E. Open Access
Various technological innovations, such as complex circuits, machines and software, should be available as open access.
Special Note: This is the twelfth chapter of the book New India Manifesto by Blessen T. Sam. The concepts introduced in this book are unique, and referencing the book and the author is appreciated. Support the hard work of the author to modernise India by purchasing a print copy of the book from Amazon or Flipkart.