The term “age profile of the population” refers to segmenting the total population into various age brackets. The age profile of the population considerably impacts other societal elements, such as economic growth and the distribution of available resources. Too much of an imbalance between the different age groups, such as an excessive number of young people, as is the situation in many developing nations, or older adults, as is the case in many Western industrialized cultures, may cause issues.
To tackle China’s aging population, PRC has taken measures to alter the one-child policy and encourage population growth. However, Japan has severe difficulty with fertility rates, and its youthful population is relatively small compared to other nations.
Migrations, war casualties, and fluctuations in mortality have all had various impacts on age distributions, but these effects are often less significant than the impact of variations in fertility.
Population pyramids are a frequent tool used by demographers to illustrate both population age distributions. In addition, sociologists use the findings from demographic research to explain various social concerns, from geriatric care to the cruelty of the elderly.