Criticisms against Organic Analogy
According to critics, society and biological creatures are distinct entities. They argued that comparing these two elements was inappropriate since society is conceptual and biological organisms are observable. It is Spencer’s imagination to compare these two components.
Critics have also asserted that consciousness serves distinct functions in both life forms and society. Each component has a unique central controller in society, but in a biological creature, consciousness is centralized in a single location. Therefore, neither can be compared based on consciousness.
There are also criticisms surrounding the creation, growth, and demise of societies and biological organisms. However, these two are supposed to have separate birth, growth, and death processes; therefore, comparing them is irrelevant.